Sadiq Lawan

  • University of MaiduguriScholarship Holder

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Research Project

Effect of Insurgency on Nationaly Declared Monuments and Sites in Northeast Nigeria: A Case Study of Rabeh’s Forte and Sukur Cultural Landscape

The research examines the effect of insurgency on the National Declared Monuments and Sites which are located in northeast Nigeria where the insurgents have ravaged the area, especially Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states in particular. The Rabeh’s Fort is one of the monuments built and settled by Rabeh till his death in 1900, and the Sukur Cultural Landscape is an inscription based on the cultural heritage of the community. The naturally terraced fields and the Heidi‘s palace are two outstanding monuments located in the Northeast of Nigeria. The Sukur World Cultural Heritage Site plays a significant role in the history of the people of the Northeast and the nation as a whole. This research is of the view that the trends in the history of that monument and site are complementary. However, this study shall be on the effect of insurgency on National Declared Monument at Rabeh’s Fort and Sukur Cultural Landscape located at the Mandara Mountains which straddle the Nigerian and Cameroonian border in northeastern Nigeria.

The study is looking at atrocities done by insurgents [Boko Haram] on the National Monuments that brought about declivity of the cultural heritage in the areas where the exact declared monument and site are located; however, the study shall be very essential for entire nation. The declared monuments and sites in Dikwa, Borno and Sukur World Heritage Sites in Adamawa State have been the most pronounced tourist attractions, historical buildings and visitation areas for very long time. Furthermore, this research gives a general overview of the history of the monument and site. Over time, it has been degraded as a result of the negative activities of insurgents (Boko Haram). The researcher will observe the effect of the insurgents, which will prove the level of damage. This work increases our understanding of such sensitive topics.

Research questions:

• What are the socio-economic and cultural significance of the monuments and sites to our national development?
• What are the effects of insurgency on the cultural monuments and sites?
• What are the motives behind the attacks on the monuments and sites?
• What are the cultural policy for the protection of monuments and sites? 

This research, if successfully completed, is expected to contribute to filling the existing gap in the literature in the field of cultural study and it will unveil the rationale behind and manners in which the monuments were destroyed despite their importance, and ways of preventing the reoccurrence of such ugly scenarios.


Sadiq Lawan is a bona fide indigene of Konduga Local Government Area of Borno State, Nigeria. His academic background includes a Certificate in Social Administration, Diploma in Social Development, a B.A. Degree (Hons) in History, and a postgraduate Diploma in Museology. He is currently a student for the M.A. in Cultural Sustainability at the Centre for the Study and Promotion of Cultural Sustainability, University of Maiduguri, Nigeria. He worked as a classroom teacher during his National Youth Service and is engaged in other community development service activities. At present, he is a Curator at the Department of Visual and Performing Arts, University of Maiduguri. Fortunately, he has travelled to Chad, Cameroon, the Republic of Ghana, and widely across Nigeria, which has given him in-depth knowledge of the socioeconomic, cultural and political background and understanding in the region. Sadiq Lawan speaks English, Kanuri and Hausa languages fluently. His Postgraduate Diploma Thesis was on ‘Cultural Implication of Prostitution among the Youths in Borno State’. This research exposed him to the best standard of ethnographic research and outstandingly prepared him for studies on aspects of culture and development.