Prisca A. Anima
- University of Cape CoastScholarship Holder
Livelihood Strategies for Teenage Mothers in the Adaklu District of Ghana
With the sustainable development goals, one seeks to end poverty in all forms. This goal can be achieved by targeting vulnerable groups in which teenage mothers are not exceptions. The occurrence and related consequences associated with teenage motherhood in developing nations have remained challenging. The two dominant factors that cause teenage motherhood are culture and poverty. Research indicates that people who experience poverty should not be seen as victims of situations beyond their control, but actors who struggle and strategize to put their limited resources to use in way for improved livelihoods, or at least for not falling deeper into poverty. Similarly, poor teenage mothers are active subjects who combine their limited resources to minimize risk by devising various livelihood strategies to support themselves and their children. It is therefore necessary to research into the livelihood strategies of these teenage mothers and the role of stakeholders in ensuring livelihood sustainability for these teenage mothers. The research seeks to ask the following questions: What are the factors promoting teenage motherhood in the district (poverty and culture)? What livelihood assets are available to teenage mothers in the district? What livelihood activities are available for the teenage mothers? How does culture influence adoption or impede livelihood strategies? What are the sources of resilience and coping strategies of teenage mothers in the district? What is the role of stakeholders in ensuring livelihood security and sustainability for the teenage mothers?
The research will be a qualitative study. Data will be collected by employing verbal narratives, in-depth interviews and photo voices. Both primary and secondary data will be used for the study. Teenage mothers and stakeholders will be the target population for the study. Purposive sampling will be used to select the stakeholders and the teenage mothers will be targeted from the various health facilities in the district. The sample size will be between 20 to 30 respondents. The concept of saturation will be used to absorb respondents for the study. Nvivo software will be used for the analysis and the photo voices will be sorted, rated and used to complement the narratives.
This study is one of the several kinds required for proper understanding of livelihood strategies available for teenage mothers. It is therefore expected that this study will reveal the underlying causes (culture and poverty) of teenage motherhood, as well as contribute to the understanding of the livelihood strategies and the support systems that will help improve the living conditions of teenage mothers. This is important because research has shown that the few teenage mothers who are able to exhibited positive response had enough support systems.
Prisca Ama Anima had her basic education at Dormaa Ahenkro in Ghana. Her thirst for knowledge made her passionate about the social sciences. This passion helped her gaining knowledge in these areas and she was admitted at Senior High School. After that she had her first degree in Bachelor of Education (Social studies). She then continued to pursue Master of Philosophy in Geography and Regional Planning. Currently she is a PhD student studying geography and regional planning. Her research interests are livelihoods, rural resource management and sanitation. She is into collection of research data for institutions and organizations especially institutions in the academic domain. Academic writings for her first degree were on teachers’ level of knowledge of the 1992 constitution. Her Master of Philosophy thesis drew her closer to her research interest. She researched the topic ‘Effects of the Bui Dam construction on the livelihood activities of the surrounding communities’. After her analysis, the research indicated that most women were really affected because of the vulnerable context in which they found themselves. One group which caught her attention was teenage mothers. They were going through a lot to fend for themselves and their children. In view of this, her PhD thesis is on livelihood strategies for teenage mothers in the Adaklu district of Ghana. Her PhD degree will help her to become a geographer positioned to deliver tuition, research and consultancy services for organisations.