Schoormann, T., Möller, F. & Hansen M. R. P. (2021): How do Researchers (Re-)Use Design Principles: An Inductive Analysis of Cumulative Research. In Chandra Kruse, L., Seidel, S., Hausvik, G. I. (eds.): 16th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST), Kristiansand, Norway.
Abstract. Accumulating prescriptive design knowledge, such as design principles (DP), is one of the fundamental goals in design science research projects. As previous studies have examined the use of DPs in practice to advance the development and communication of such principles, we argue that this attention also needs to be paid to how and for what researchers (re-)use DPs. Hence, this paper explores DP usage in cumulative (information systems) research based on the analysis and coding of a sample of 114 articles with 226 in-text citations. In doing this, we aim at contributing to the valuable discourse on DP reuse and accumulation by focusing on usage in research, present preliminary types of DP usage extracted from cumulative literature, as well as raise the awareness for guiding user and designer in how to (re-)use and how to allow for reuse of DPs.
Möller, F., Schoormann, T. & Otto B. (2021): ‘Caution – Principle Under Construction’ - A Visual Inquiry Tool for Developing Design Principles. In Chandra Kruse, L., Seidel, S., Hausvik, G. I. (eds.): 16th International Conference on Design Science Research in Information Systems and Technology (DESRIST), Kristiansand, Norway.
Abstract. Researchers and practitioners often face challenges in structuring larger design projects and, therefore, struggle to capture, discuss, and reflect on essential components that should be considered. These first steps are, however, of great importance because decisions such as in terms of selecting an underpinning (kernel) theory, following certain development approaches, or specifying knowledge sources impact the resulting design solution. To provide a frame for developing one of the dominant forms of prescriptive knowledge in information systems (IS), we present the ‘Principle Constructor’ that seeks to support the iterative endeavor of formulating design principles. This so-called visual inquiry tool is grounded in previous research on design knowledge and an empirical analysis of IS articles that present principles, built according to available guidance for this class of tools, and evaluated through several workshops. Doing this, we provide an underlying structure with building blocks for creating design principles and complement research on their anatomy and development procedures.