Community Perception of the Role of Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) in Resisting Boko Haram Culture of Violence in Borno State, Nigeria
|author(s)||Umar Lawal Yusuf|
|title||Community Perception of the Role of Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF) in Resisting Boko Haram Culture of Violence in Borno State, Nigeria|
|publication type||Buch / Monographie / Herausgeberschaft|
|digital object identifier (doi)||DOI: 10.18442/142|
This study investigates Community Perception of the Roles of Civilian Joint Task Force, (CJTF) in Resisting Boko Haram ’s Culture of violence in Borno state. It explores the views of society on the activities and conduct of the members of the CJTF. The objectives of the study were to: examine the reasons of joining and the emergence of CJTF; assess the views of the people of Borno State on the role of CJTF in resisting Boko Haram‘s culture of violent change through combat support activities; explore the opinions of community members and stakeholders on the non-combat support operations of the CJTF; identify the effects of CJTF on restoring affected cultural heritage; and, evaluate the opinion of community members and stakeholders on the behaviour of members of the CJTF concerning cultural expectations in Borno State. The study is qualitative and adopts rapid ethnographic research design and qualitative data collection methods. Multistage sampling was used to ensure that the right persons with the required knowledge and experience were included in the study. Data for the study were thus generated through In-Depth Interviewing (IDI), Key Informant Interviewing (KII), and Focus Group Discussion (FGD), and all the data were logically connected in the analysis section to discern broad patterns. The findings of this study revealed that the rise of CJTF is multifactorial. The study revealed that the factors that precipitated the rise of CJTF vary with time, place, and situation. The key motivating factor were the widespread killings and destruction of property by the Boko Haram, and the counter-attacks and destruction by the military which also adversely affected several communities. The study revealed that within the CJTF, there are both persons with good and bad behaviour, though findings weighed in more on those with good behaviour. There is nevertheless fear amongst the people that the CJTF may become a nuisance when the insurgency is over if proper steps are not taken to sustain their livelihoods. The key recommendations for this study are: the institution of the CJTF is advised to have stricter entry modalities including consultation with community leaders, to ensure that the kind of people joining its ranks is reliable. It was also recommended that the government should consider putting more members of CJTF on remuneration as this will aid them in their daily needs and reduce the tendencies of them getting involved in inappropriate acts. Finally, the community can contribute to supporting families of fallen members of the CJTF to boost the confidence of those still active.